Department of Applied Physics

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92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata - 700 009
Phone : 32949494, 32959494, 2350 8386 / 2350 6387 / 2351 9755 Extn. 277
Fax : 91-033-2351-9755

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Year of Establishment and History

To initiate an integrated approach in the teaching of science in the University of Calcutta in the year 1913, Sir Rash Behari Ghose, one of the eminent jurists at that time, donated a sum of about rupees ten lacs to the university “for the promotion of scientific and technical education for the cultivation and advancement of science, pure and applied”. Through his letter dated 27th December1919, Rashbehari Ghose placed at the disposal of the university a sum of Rs.11.43 lakhs to be utilized exclusively for the purpose of technological instruction and research. This princely gift was thankfully accepted by the Senate at its meeting on January 3, 1920.

Encouraged by this donation, Sir N. R. Sircar, the then Vice-chancellor and Sir Asutosh Mookerjee, president of the councils of post-graduate studies in Arts and Science, resolved to give shape to the idea of foundation of Department of Applied Physics.
As a first step, Prof. Phanindra Nath Ghosh was appointed as Sir R. B. Ghose Professor in the Applied Physics Department in 1920. Soon after, Prof. P.N. Ghosh went to Germany and other European countries to get in touch with the advancement in technology in the western world. After his return from abroad, the first batch of only three students was admitted in 1925 for the new 2-year post-graduate degree of M.Sc. in Applied Physics, which was the first of its kind in India. Though the emphasis of teaching in those days was distinctly in electrical technology, a strong research base was also established in the area of molecular spectroscopy. The B.E. College (Presently known as Bengal Engineering and Science University) extended co-operation in placing facilities of laboratories and workshop for imparting a part of the practical training. Even though the P.G. course in Applied Physics was introduced in 1925, a separate Department of Applied Physics with its own Board of Higher Studies was created only in 1930.

In 1934 Electrical communication engineering laboratory was set up in this Department with generous donation from Kanodia Trust of Calcutta. In 1941, different specialized branches of studies were introduced and associated laboratories were set up under the supervision of Prof. P. N. Ghosh. After the sudden demise of Prof. Ghosh in December, 1946, Prof. S. K. Mitra headed the department for a short period after which Prof. Purna Chandra Mohanti was appointed Sir R. B. Ghose Professor and head of the Department in 1947.

By then the Department had its reputation in the field of technological instructions and for its services to
different industrial organizations. It may be mentioned that this Department contributed much towards the formation of a basis for industrial growth type instruments in the pre-independence era. After independence, the Government of India through the All India Council for Technical Education, extended support for the development plans of the Department. The Department became the part of the newly created Faculty of Technology and a 3-year course leading to the M.Sc. (Tech.) degree was introduced.
Since then a number of changes have taken place in the course structure of the Department in keeping with modification introduced by the UGC from time to time. Presently, the Department of Applied Physics comprises of Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation Engineering divisions. Since April 2005, the Optics and Opto-electronics section formed a separate department named Department of Applied Optics and Photonics. The ongoing courses of the Department are (i) 3-year B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering, (ii) 3-year B.Tech. in Instrumentation Engineering, (iii) 2-year M. Tech in Electrical Engineering, (iv) 2-year M. Tech. in Instrumentation Engineering, (v) Self Financed Part-time evening 6-semester course in Electrical Engineering ( Electrical Power), (vi) Self Financed part-time evening 6-semester course in Instrumentation and Control Engineering.
Two major fields of studies are now available in the Department :Electrical Engineering Instrumentation Engineering

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Courses Offered

Level of Study
Cut-off Mark at entry
Intake Capacity
B.Tech in Electrical Engineering (3 years)
(Post B.Sc.Hons.)
B.Sc. Honours in Physics
(In order of merit)
B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering (3 years)
(Post B.Sc.Hons.) .
B.Sc. Honours in Physics
(In order of merit)
M.Tech in Electrical Engineering
(4 -semester)
BE / B.Tech in Electrical Engineering
(In order of merit)
(as per rule)
M.Tech in Instrumentation & Control Engineering
(4 -semester)
BE / B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering
(In order of merit)
Evening 6 semeter M. Tech. In Electrical (Electrical Power)
B.Tech. in E.E./
Electrical Engg. (Power)
Evening 6 semester
M. Tech. in
Instrumentation & Control
B.Tech. in
Instrumentation Engg.
Or Equivalent
Ph.D. in Technology
Depends on nature of scholarship
and projects

All the above degrees are recognized by All India Council for Technical Education ( AICTE)

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Faculty Members

Name Specialisation Telephone No. E-mail ID
Prof. A. Deb , HOD Electrical Engineering 2530-5537
Prof. A. K. Mukhopadhyay
(Sir R. B. Ghosh Professor)
Electrical Engineering 2553-4854
Prof. G. Sarkar
(Labonyamoyee Das Professor)
Electrical Engineering 2355-8442
Prof. T. K. Mitra Instrumentation Engineering    
Prof. Balaram Bhattacharya Electrical Engineering 2549-3447
Prof. Bhaskar
Electrical Engineering 2491-9650
Prof. R. Brahmachari Instrumentation Engineering 2429-9798  
Prof. S. K. Sen Instrumentation Engineering 2683-0427
Prof. Samarjit Sengupta Electrical
Dr. S. C. Bera Instrumentation Engineering 2571-0091
Sri S. Phaujdar Instrumentation Engineering 2355-0293
Dr. (Mrs.) M. Mitra Instrumentation Engineering 2358-0505
Dr. J. N. Bera Electrical
Sr. Lecturer
Dr. S. C. Kar Electrical
Sri Chanchal Dey
Instrumentation Engineering
Dr. (Mrs.) Sumana
Sri Rajarshi Gupta Instrumentation

* On lien (presently working as the Vice Chancellor of Tripura University)

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Major subjects covered in B.Tech (Electrical Engineering)
and B. Tech. (Instrumentation Engineering)

Analog Electronics
Digital Electronics
Electrical Measurements and Instruments
Computer Programming Languages data structure and Numerical Methods
Engineering Mechanics, Materials Science & Thermal Engineering
Microprocessors and Peripheral Devices
DC Machine and Transformers
Network Theory and transmission line
Transducers and Industrial Instruments
Analog and Digital Communication
Power Electronics and Filters
Process Instrumentation and Process Control
Control System I
Power Generation, Utilisation and Power System Protection
Industrial Economics and Business Management
Induction and Synchronous Machines
Microcontroller and PLC Applications
Control System II
Power system Economics, power supply and Special Machines
Power Systems Stability and Load Flow Analysis
Switchgear and Protection
Industrial Drives and Controls
Power Station, Substation, and HV Engineering
Advanced Features of Electrical Machines
Process Control
Mechanical Measurements and NDT Techniques
Analytical and Optical Instruments
Classical and Smart Transmitters and recorders
Process Plant Instrumentation
Computer Organisation and Networking
DCS, SCADA and Power Line Communication
Non-Conventional Energy Systems
High Voltage Engineering
Illumination Engineering
Fuzzy Logic and its Application
Sensor Technology

Major subjects covered in M.Tech in Electrical Engineering , M.Tech in Electrical Engineering
(Electrical Power) and M.Tech in Instrumentation & Control Engineering

Advanced Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Advanced Engineering Mathematics
Digital Signal Processing
Fundamentals of Soft Computing and Its Applications
DC and AC Machines
Power Plant instrumentation
Embedded systems
Front end processor and measurement applications
High Voltage Engineering
Generalized Electrical Machines and Dynamics
EHVAC, DC Transmission and FACTS
Electric Drives
Power Systems Protection
Advanced Control System
Modern Precision Electrical Measurement and Instruments

Automated Tests and Measurements
Biomedical Measurement and Instrumentation
Data Communication and Telemetry
Advanced process control
Process Automation
Sustainable Power Generation And Supply
Microwave principles and Measurements
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
Special Electrical Machines
Hazardous Area and Control Room Instrumentation
Pollution control and process plant instrumentation
Power System Communication and SCADA

Advanced Control Techniques
Sustainable Power Generation And Supply
Power System Harmonics , Quality and reliability

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Research Work

Brief Summary Of Previous Research
By way of research, the Department has rightly gained its reputation by accepting new challenges
for innovative research. In eighties, though the research activities in the classical areas remained in vogue,
new research areas were explored with equal zeal. Biomedical instrumentation, process control techniques,
power electronic drives, power system stability studies, application of orthogonal functions for control system
analysis and identification captured the imagination of the teachers and research students of this
department. Many papers were published in national and international journals and a number of Ph.Ds was

Brief summary of Present Research
With the diversification of courses of instruction, the fields of research activities have also been widened
to cover larger areas of technological aspects. The major areas of present research can be put under
the following headings.
1. Application of piecewise constant orthogonal functions (PCOF) for control system analysis and
2. Microprocessor and microcontroller based performance analysis of longitudinal power system.
3. Power system control, protection and stability using microprocessor / microcontroller.
4. Integrated operation of AC and DC power system including FACTS.
5. Basic transducer development.
6. Fuzzy and neuro-fuzzy based real time controller design .
7. ECG signal analysis in time and frequency plane and rule based knowledge base generation.
8. Condition based predictive monitoring of fault for the rotating machines from the synergic
combination of system signatures.
9. Development of smart sensor based telemedicine system for rural health care.
10. Wireless communication and embedded system.

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Major Teaching, Research and Training Laboratories

To achieve academic excellence, Department has developed a common platform of teaching, research and
industry personnel training in the area of process control, automation and electric power systems. The
major laboratories of the department are as follows :
Mechanical workshop
This is the oldest lab in our department. It contains from small to heavy duty Lathe , milling, drilling, shaping
and grinding machines.

A view of Mechanical Workshop

Material Testing Lab
This lab contains universal testing machine, torsion testing machine, impact testing machine and hardness
testing machines.
Engineering Drawing Lab
Engineering drawing facilities are provided for a number of fifty students at a time. CAD facilities are also
Microprocessor, Microcontroller and Embedded System Lab
Training facilities are available on basic 8085 and 8051 programming, different type of interfacing,
monitoring units, ac, dc, machine controllers, transformer, induction machine, synchronous machine
analyser, process variable controller, real life intelligent instrument and controller design based on 8085 and

A section of Microprocessor Lab

Computer Lab
Training facilities are provided on basic software and engineering software.
Control Lab
Control lab is equipped with conventional control experiments with matlab facility. This lab also provides
facilities regarding advanced teaching and research with the equipments like digital pendulum, twin rotor
MIMO system and digital servo workshop.
Electronics Lab
This lab has the facility to conduct experiments pertaining to analog and digital electronics – from basic to
advanced level. Circuit simulation and testing facilities in Pspice environment is also available.
Electrical Machine Lab
This lab is equipped with a number of basic electrical machines viz. dc machines, induction machines,
synchronous machines,. This lab also contains some special types of machines like repulsion motors, autosynchronous
motors, genereralized electrical machines.

A section of Electrical Machine Lab

Power system
This lab is equipped with different types of relays. This lab also contains HVAC simulator as well as HVDC
simulator, conventional and static relays and relay simulators to simulate the different experiments on power

A view of 400 KV 800 Kms 3-Bus HVAC Simulator

A view of the Relay panel

Electrical measurement
Measurement of resistance , capacitance, inductance. testing of magnetic material, current transformer and
potential transformer testing, repair and calibration of watt meter, energy meter, ampere-hour meter and Trivector

A view of the classical measurement instruments

Process control and NDT Lab

A view of the computerized controller of a Steam Generation Plant

A view of the Steam Generation Plant

Power Electronics , Electrical drives and PLC lab
This lab is equipped with experiments on different power electronics devices. It is also equipped with
Siemens ac and dc drive with motor-generator set, Allen Bradley PLC and Rx logics software, Siemens
PLC S7-200, S7-300, WINCC HMI software.

A view of Siemens DC Drive

Power System Simulation Lab

This Lab consists of PSCAD, ETAP, PSS/E, LabView software.
Real Time Digital Simulation (RTDS) Lab
This is a true real time simulator in which simulated power system can be operated interactively in a
manner very similar to the a real system. The user can adjust voltage set points, change power levels,
operate breakers and faults, etc from a virtual operator’s panel while the simulation is running. The RTDS
Simulator achieves this using the Run Time software module and the Ethernet link from the host computer to
each simulator rack.

A view of the Real Time Digital Simulator

Virtual and Real Power and Process Lab

This Lab consists of DCS [CS-3000] with simulator for field instruments, two HART field sensors, Level and
Flow Process rig, Temperature Process rig [both oprerateable in cascade mode and interfaceable with
DCS], Simulation Software for 210 MW Thermal Power Plant, 20 MW Gas Turbine Plant and Hydro Cracker
Process Plant.

A view of the Power Plant Simulator zone

A view of Distributed Control System (DCS CS-3000)

A view of Temperature, Pressure and Flow Process rigs

Virtual Instrumentation and Communication Lab
This Lab consists of Analog Communication Unit, Digital Communication Unit, Machine Fault Simulator
with Sensors and Analysers, mixed signal oscilloscope, arbitrary waveform generator, programmable
electronic load and portable energy and power disturbance analyzer.

Machine Fault Simulator with vibration and MCSA probes and analyser

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Research Projects

Name of the Investigator Title of the project Sponsoring Agency
Prof. T. K. Mitra Online automated processor test and
measurement engineering of instrumentation
Dr. M. Mitra Modernisation of process control and
instrumentation laboratory
Dr. S.K. Sen Computer aided fuzzy application for
temperature control
Dr. S.C. Bera Investigation on some new sensing techniques
and control instrumentation system of process
Dr. S. Sengupta Microprocessor based low cost energy saving
industrial drives (Phase-II)
Prof. T.K. Mitra Development of microprocessor based ECG
Prof. T.K. Mitra Automated system development for
temperature calibration laboratory
Prof. T.K. Mitra Processor based controller design for railway
signaling circuits using automated test and
measurement for better accident prevention

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Publications of 2000-2006

Total Number of Publications: 270
1- International Journal
2-National Journal
3- International Conference
4-National Conference

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Books written by Faculty Members of the Department

Name of Book Name of Author Name of Publisher and Year
Understanding 8085 Microprocessor
and Peripheral ICs through Problems
and Solutions
S. K. Sen New Age Publishing
April 2006
Programmable Logic Controllers And
Industrial Automation: An
M. Mitra and S. Sengupta Penram International, Mumbai, 2005
Transform Methods For Engineers
And Physicists
A. K. Mukhopadhyay Pragati Prakashan, Meerut
Microprocessor, Microcomputer And
Their Applications
A. K. Mukhopadhyay Narosa Publishing House, New
Microprocessor Based Experiments
And Projects
A. K. Mukhopadhyay S. Ratan and Co, Kolkata
Matrix Analysis Of Electrical
A. K. Mukhopadhyay New India International Pvt
Ltd.(Formerly Wiely Eastern Ltd
Perfomance Operation And Control
Of EHV Power Transmission
A. Chakraborty, D. P. Kothari and
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
Wheeler Publishing House,
Allahabad, India
Mathematical Methods For Engineers
And Physisists
A. K. Mukhopadhyay Wheeler Publishing House,
Allahabad, India
A Course In Vector And Matrix
Analysis For Engineers And
A. K. Mukhopadhyay and
S. Sengupta
An Introduction To The Calculus Of
Variation For Engineers And
A. K. Mukhopadhyay Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
The Theory Of Functions Of
Complex Variables And Conformal
Transformation For Engineers And
A. K. Mukhopadhyay Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
Elements Of Computer Science And
Programming Languages
A. K. Mukhopadhyay S. Ratan & Co. Kolkata, 2002
Introduction To Data Structure
Through C And C++
A. K. Mukhopadhyay S. Ratan & Co. Kolkata, 2002
Introduction To Information
Technology And Its Business
A. K. Mukhopadhyay M/S. Kalimata Pustakalaya Kolkata,
An Introduction To Electronic
S. Sengupta and
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
S. Ratan & Co. Kolkata, 2002

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Awards & Prizes


Name of the Award Name of the Recipient
BEST Technical Paper Award by the CENTRAL ELECTRICITY
Govt. of India as a Distinction in Power Engineering Technology for the Paper "Restoration of power supply in developing countries during 1989-1990.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
BEST TECHNICAL PAPER AWARD‚ by The Central Electricity
as a distinction in POWER ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY for the paper "Investigation of Transient stability in parallel EHV AC-DC Power System in 1991.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
for the paper "A microprocessor based over voltage protection scheme of the capacitor in a series compensated EHV Transmission Line”.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
"CERTIFICATE OF MERIT" for 1993-94 for the paper "Development of a microprocessor based on line dynamic VAR parallel processor at the load end of a EHV longitudinal power supply system”. A. K. Mukhopadhyay
Griffith Award For Science-1996 given by University of Calcutta M. Mitra
"RAILWAY BOARD PRIZE FOR THE YEAR 1996- 97" for the paper "Microprocessor based pulsed supply variable speed operation and speed regulation of DC motor." A. K. Mukhopadhyay
BEST OF M'S’ 2001- CHINA ‚ in the AMSE International Conference China, September, 2001 for the paper "Justification of employing FC-Tcr type SVC at the load bus of rural medium voltage distribution system”. A. K. Mukhopadhyay
” in 1996 - 97 for the paper "Development of an industrial load bus power factor regulator by using SVC and parallel processing of microprocessor”.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
FOR 2001-02 for the paper “ Development of parallel processor based power factor regulator for industrial load bus” published in Jour. of IE(I), vol. 82, June 2001.
A. K. Mukhopadhyay
Excellent Research Activity On Projects By AICTE T. K. Mitra

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